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Стартап
DateDate: 30-03-2018, 07:26

The key country of OPEC has relied on renewable energy. Together with the Japanese firm Softbank, it will build solar power plants equal in capacity to 200 nuclear reactors. The world's largest solar energy project will be implemented not in Europe, not in America, or even in China, but in Saudi Arabia. The country, rich in oil and playing a key role in the cartel of its OPEC exporters, seems to have taken a decisive step towards the goal announced in April 2016: to overcome oil dependence by 2030.
Implementation of the ambitious program Vision 2030
This step was signed by the 32-year-old Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud. Two years ago, he introduced the program of large-scale social and economic modernization of his country Vision 2030, developed with the assistance of the international consulting company McKinsey. And now he launched a project, which in just a decade has radically changed the face of the national electric power industry, which is still based on oil.
On March 28, 2018, Prince Salman signed in New York with Japanese billionaire, the founder and head of the Softbank Group's technology holding Masayoshi Soon, an agreement on intentions, which provides for the phased construction of solar power stations in Saudi Arabia with a total capacity of about 200 gigawatts. This is comparable to 200 power units of nuclear power plants.
Thus, Saudi Arabia has decided, unlike, for example, Iran and a number of other developing countries, not to rely on nuclear energy, but to forcefully develop renewable energy, actively using what nature, along with oil, has so generously endowed it with Desert state: the sun.
Investments can reach $ 200 billion
"This is a big step for all of humanity, he is brave and risky, but I hope that we will succeed," said Prince Salman, assessing the signed agreement. It assumes that as early as this year about 5 billion dollars will be invested in the import and installation of solar batteries, so that in 2019 two solar power stations with a capacity of 3 and 4.2 gigawatts will start operation. They will immediately become the largest on the planet.
Of these $ 5 billion, $ 1 billion will be provided by the Softbank Vision Fund, created by the Japanese billionaire in 2016, of which Prince Salman is also a partner. The Fund has already invested in projects in the US, India and Europe. The remaining 4 billion will provide project financing.
In the future, funds for new investments, as expected, will largely be able to generate objects put into operation. Thus, part of the electricity produced is planned to be exported. In total, investments in the reorientation of Saudi Arabia to solar energy can reach $ 200 billion by 2030.
Masayoshi Son: The energy of the sun instead of nuclear power
"This is by far the largest solar project in history," Masayoshi Son said after signing the agreement. The 60-year-old Japanese entrepreneur who became one of the first large investors in the world Internet industry in the 1990s after the accident at the Japanese nuclear power plant Fukushima in 2011 became a determined opponent of nuclear energy and began to actively invest in Japan in the development of solar energy. Now he has found in the person of Prince Salman an influential, promising and large-minded Saudi ally.
The plan, which they agreed on, also implies the development of Saudi Arabia's own production of solar cells so that in the medium term they can replace the imported panels, and then go on to export - for example, to neighboring Arab countries, in which interest in solar energy is growing.
The head of Softbank believes that it will be possible to establish the manufacture of competitive solar batteries in Saudi Arabia in two or three years. In the Saudi capital, Riyadh counts on the fact that the creation and development of this new industry in the country will provide employment to 100,000 people and will give a powerful impetus to the transition of the still oil national economy to high technologies. That is one of the cornerstones of the Vision 2030 program.





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