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DateDate: 2-03-2019, 07:02

Every year, MIT Technology Review magazine publishes the TOP-10 major breakthroughs of the year. But this year the magazine is to offer a compilation to billionaire and philanthropist Bill Gates.
Personalized "vaccines" for cancer, innovative nuclear reactors and artificial meat - in the coming months, the world will see radical changes, according to Microsoft co-founder, according to Hi-Tech +.
 
Clever robots
Modern industrial robots are still inferior in dexterity to humans. They lack the skill and flexibility. Smart manipulators cannot, like a man, look at an object and understand how best to deal with it.
However, the devices are gradually “getting smarter” - they can already learn from their own mistakes and improve the skills of “grabbing”.
The leaders in this industry are the OpenAI laboratory, which last year introduced the roboruku Dactyl. Successes have also been achieved by robotics and engineers from Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Michigan and the University of California at Berkeley.
Gates believes that robotic manipulators will be widely adopted in 3-5 years.
By this time, they will be able to assemble gadgets in factories, load plates into the dishwasher, and help older people in everyday life.
 
New era of nuclear energy
Nuclear systems of the fourth generation, miniature modular nuclear power plants, thermonuclear reactors - in the near future, major changes are expected in the field of nuclear energy.
Manufacturers of new types of equipment are already cooperating with large energy companies, and in the 2020s there will be more such projects. Two such examples are Canadian Terrestrial Energy and American TerraPower.
The NuScale startup develops reduced reactor models that will reduce costs and at the same time reduce risks.
Thermonuclear fusion systems are unlikely to appear before 2030, but some companies will be able to make progress. Bill Gates makes a special bet on General Fusion and Commonwealth Fusion Systems, in which he had previously invested.
 
Forecast of preterm labor
Every year, 15 million children are born ahead of time, and prematurity is considered the main cause of death at an early age. Within five years, Gates is sure, patients will be able to undergo a blood test and determine the risk of premature birth.
Bioengineers from Stanford University offer to examine DNA and RNA particles in the blood of women to determine the likelihood of a premature baby.
Such a study could be carried out before, but before that it was necessary to perform a biopsy or amniocentesis.
 
Smart tablet-shaped probe
A miniature pill-shaped device makes detailed pictures of the intestines without anesthesia and the introduction of an endoscope. The procedure is already carried out by adults, and in 2019 children will be able to undergo it. The technology will reveal a little-known disease - enteric dysfunction.
The condition is characterized by intestinal inflammation, as a result, nutrients are poorly absorbed, and health deteriorates. In children, the developmental process is usually impaired and they lag behind their peers.
Earlier, Gates had already spoken about this problem - he noted that special probiotic preparations would help fight it.
 
Most often, the inhabitants of poor countries face the disease, but no one knows what provokes it.
Probiotics do help to improve the condition, but it is not always possible to diagnose dysfunction in time. A probe in the form of a tablet on a thin thread will help identify the problem at an early stage and take action as soon as possible.
In the US, they are already developing such smart pills equipped with miniature microscopes. They can not only examine the intestines, but also take biopsy samples.
 
Personalized Cancer Vaccines
Scientists are developing a technique that will allow the body to start the process of destroying cancer cells.
To do this, it is necessary to determine which mutations are characteristic for each type of tumor. After that, a “vaccine” is introduced into the body, which activates the immune system and forces it to fight cancer.
Healthy cells are not affected, and this distinguishes the procedure from traditional chemotherapy.
Research in this field has been conducted for more than 11 years, and many drugs are already being tested in humans. Developments in this area are being led by the German startup BioNTech in collaboration with the biotech corporation Genentech.
560 patients plan to take part in the trials, and the “vaccine” will be used to combat 10 types of tumors.
 
Artificial meat cutlets
Breeding livestock has a catastrophic effect on forests, ponds and levels of pollution. Meat production requires enormous resources, but gradually it is replaced by vegetable analogues that are not inferior to the original in taste and texture.
Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods startups are already selling their products in stores and restaurants. And by 2020, meat grown in the laboratory will go on sale. By this time, the first substitute promise to promise researchers from the Maastricht University.
 
However, analysts have recently calculated that in the production of meat from a test tube, only about

DateDate: 1-03-2019, 07:07

Not only folding smartphones and various electronic gadgets were presented at the Mobile World Congress 2019 (MWC) consumer electronics exhibition in Barcelona - the Chinese surprised the public with their incredibly clever robot with many impressive features.
The Chinese company INNFOS introduced the XR-1 robot, which has very flexible hands and smooth movements, which allows it to copy many human gestures, water the plants, take a lot of different things in hand and even dance, reports Naked Science.
Its movements occur with the help of three strong wheels installed instead of legs.
He can dance, thread a needle, carefully pour the drink into a glass and hold raw eggs without breaking it.
According to a published press release, the XR-1 can perform all of the above due to its unique actuating mechanisms.
If humankind intends to build a future in which humanoid robots become an integral part of everyday life, developers will need drives that provide accurate movement, can withstand shocks and comply with safety rules.
INNFOS claims that their independently developed Smart Compliant Actuator (SCA) system meets all of these standards.
In order for such intelligent service robots to be widely used in enterprises, healthcare institutions, homes, and so on, it is necessary to ensure safe and intelligent human-machine interaction.
So, service robots must include the appropriate controls to be resistant to shocks, while maintaining functionality and high accuracy.
SCA includes a basic servo drive, a high-precision encoder, a powerful brushless motor, and a lightweight gearbox, which became the basis for the intelligent XR-1 service robot.
The most important characteristic of SCA is its built-in compatible connections, which can provide both high-precision and dynamic movements, while maintaining a high level of security.
It is not yet known whether SCA will be a “new trend of robotic technologies in the future,” as INNFOS says in a press release, but now the XR-1 is able to perform some of the smoothest and most realistic movements we have ever seen. the robot.

DateDate: 28-02-2019, 05:55

Can a simple protective film display 3D content without using special glasses or an expensive holographic screen? Companies Lucid and Holitech believe that they can.
Holoscreen is a protective film for a smartphone that allows users to view 3D content inside an application without glasses. An accessory for $ 30 outside a 3D application functions as a regular protective film.
Holoscreen film shows 3D content on a smartphone screen
When viewing 2D content outside the application, companies claim that the protective film does not alter the operation of the smartphone screen, but serves as the usual protection in the form of a thin film. On the other hand, 3D images and videos look clear and seem to go beyond the limits of the screen. At least, Holitech and Lucid say so.
The app will help users view finished 3D content, as well as allow some devices to capture their own 3D content. The Lucid Andromeda software will be used to capture 3D content on some mid-level devices. Lucid reports that the software has been reduced to a lighter version, which allows it to work even on inexpensive smartphones. This version of the app also consumes less power. Both the application itself and film sizes are compatible with a large number of smartphones on iOS and Android.
Holoscreen film shows 3D content on a smartphone screen
“While the 3D industry, virtual and augmented reality are struggling with the burden of wearing glasses and headsets, as well as lack of content, a new wave of high-end smartphones is emerging that makes consumption and creating three-dimensional content easier than ever,” says Han Jin, CEO and co-founder of Lucid. "Such simple solutions as a protective film are needed to create a bridge between the state in which the industry is now located and the direction in which 3D and VR / AR are going."
Holoscreen is presented at the Mobile World Congress, held these days in Barcelona. However, the film itself will go on sale only in the second half of 2019. The fate of Holoscreen can also be seen on the product site.
A source

DateDate: 27-02-2019, 06:00

Nubia introduced the Nubia Alpha smart watch with a curved screen at MWC 2019.
Reports the edition about it The Verge.
The rounded screen takes up more space on the case. Its resolution is 960 × 192 pixels, which allows you to display more data: time, notification, physical activity and so on.
The device runs on a Snapdragon Wear 2100 chip, the RAM capacity is 1 GB, and the storage capacity is 4 GB.
To view the notifications, you do not need to press the buttons, for this you just need to turn the wrist - the device recognizes the gesture and turns on the screen.
The smart watch will be available in two versions: with and without a SIM card. The price of the first will be 449 euros, the price of the second - 549 euros.
Published video with an example of using a prototype of a bending smartphone company Xiaomi.

DateDate: 26-02-2019, 05:54

China has finished accepting applications for participation in the tender for the development of "plasma artillery" technology. A scientific group from the Academy of Armored Forces received a patent for the use of the principles of magnetized plasma in artillery systems in 2015 at the National Intellectual Property Office, reports TASS.
As explained in the information on the website of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA), the technology involves the use of an electromagnetic field for firing projectiles, which allows them to increase the speed and range of their flight.
Chinese designers are still only on the approaches to the creation of "plasma artillery", its appearance as a full-fledged weapon is possible only in the distant future.
According to the specification of the patent, the instrument will be made of magnetized material covering the trunk, and a generator that forms a magnetic field inside the trunk. Moreover, the strength of this field gradually weakens from the walls of the trunk to its central internal axis. When fired, the resulting gas is ionized, turns into a plasma and by means of a magnetic field is attracted to the inner walls of the barrel, covering them with a continuous layer. This, according to the authors, reduces the friction force of the projectile, significantly increases the power and range of the shot, and also reduces the wear coefficient of the barrel.
Source: NEWS.am