Tomatoes protect the liver and brain from the effects of alcohol. This statement was made by American scientists. They conducted an experiment on mice and found a positive effect of tomatoes on the body when drinking alcohol.
Experts have divided the rodents into two groups. One introduced alcohol and substances contained in tomatoes. The other was given only alcohol. The experiment lasted for a month. For mice this dose of alcohol was equivalent to chronic alcoholism in humans. After 30 days, scientists tested the condition of the internal organs of mice. Those rodents that did not consume tomatoes, significantly undermined their health. Mice, receiving the powder from the tomatoes retained their liver and brain in a much better state.
After this experiment the experts say about the significant benefits of eating tomatoes when drinking alcoholic beverages. Substances contained in these fruits protects the liver and the brain from the harmful effects of toxic substances. Scientists recommend to eat tomatoes as often as possible.
In Sweden are testing a pilot project of payment for travel on the railway as a micro-chip in the palm of the person.
This pilot project was the train company SJ, reports BBC Ukraine.
The technology enables the controller to scan the hand and get paid. Users are assigned a number, which is used to download tickets to your device.
Experts are confident of the security of a payment system, because you only use a number that says nothing about the user.
Before the experiment, the railway company will attract about 200 people.
In Sweden for at least 3 thousands of people were implanted with microchips that are now used instead of payment cards.
The Chinese company Doogee first to present an alternative face recognition system Face ID. The development was integrated into the new smartphone Doogee Mix 2, and its purpose is to make a three-dimensional scan of a person with dual front-facing camera.
Well-known manufacturers have tried to emulate the success of Face ID posted in iPhone H. Experts assumed that the first to implement it will be Xiaomi, but their system will appear in the model Mi 7, but ahead of competitors such as Huawei, Oppo and Vivo came from a young equipment manufacturer Doogee.
The company reported that the release device will be held in 2018, though the exact date at the moment is still not present, then it became known some specifications. So Doogee Mix 2 has a special front camera for scanning, the main is double – 13 and 16 MP. The diagonal of the device is 5,99 inches, but has a huge battery capacity of 4060 mAh.
earlier, representatives of the Doogee reported that the company is working to create a frameless competitor iPhone 8.
In Dubai launched the project world's largest solar power plant of 700 megawatts. This publication reports The National.
A power plant with a solar collector with a height of 260 meters will build a consortium of contractors from Saudi Arabia and China. The cost of the project is 3.9 billion dollars. It is expected that the plant will be the tallest available.
See also: In the United States found a new way of energy production with water
The plant utilizes a solar collector, concentrating the radiant energy from the Sun. Such devices are very popular in the middle East among the alternative sources of energy.
In interview Bi-bi-si Scott Falman spent three times more time than an invention, to whom it was dedicated
The time of the birth of the smiley face is known with accuracy to the minute. 19 September 1982 at 11:44 am Scott Fahlman, Professor of University Carnegie Mellon in Pittsburgh, sent colleagues an email message, in which he proposed to use a smiley (emoticon) to Express emotions in online communication.
In 2017, a symbol, which determined the further development of the Internet culture and became an integral part of electronic communication, is celebrating its 35th anniversary.
Scott Falman told the Russian service Bi-bi-si how his invention changed the world and his life.
The first on the Internet
"It was 1982 - a very long time. I was a young Professor at Carnegie-Mellon in Pittsburgh. Computers then were very different from modern text terminals, an English-language set of symbols, no Cyrillic or Japanese characters.
We could send each other emails, we just released the ARPANET, the prototype for the Internet created by the U.S. Department of defense. He was allowed to communicate with colleagues from other universities. In 1982 it was connected to, probably a dozen universities.
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First of all, we created a social media e-newsletter, where everyone can send messages. It was similar to modern Facebook, but without the images, selfies or video - just text.
There were message boards on various subjects and one for chatting on General topics of the University community. Since the community consisted mainly of "nerds" in the communication was a lot of specific humor and sarcasm.
Instantly there was "flame" - argument for the sake of argument. All infected meaningless showdown and forgot what was originally discussed.
Once we discussed what would happen if the Elevator began to free fall. As nerds, we have begun to put forward a different theory. Desorientiert whether it is a bird inside the Elevator? But if inside is a burning candle extinguished? Because there will not be flow of air to support the flame.
Someone said: if on the floor was a pool of mercury, it would become a sphere and rose into space. Another in response, joked that due to recent physical experiments with mercury should be avoided a University Elevator.
Scott Fahlman was born in Medina, Ohio, in 1948.
He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of technology, where he worked in the artificial intelligence lab.
1978-year employee of the Department of research computing, University of Carnegie Mellon in Pittsburgh.
And then came the admin and said "That's not funny! Someone may think that it's true when you see it your message. People do not realize that this is a joke".
How to identify a joke on the Internet? The first proposal was to use an asterisk in the message header. But what is the asterisk, it can mean anything. Then I wrote: can't take me seriously, but aren't on the keyboard there is no characters that reflected the comic mood? I remembered that in the 1960s was popular balloons and t-shirts with a smiling face. We can reproduce this face symbols on the keyboard!
I offered to use a colon, a minus and a closing bracket :-). And the opening parenthesis for the image of sadness :-(.
In all it took about 10 minutes of my life in 1982, 35 years ago. I thought it will entertain a dozen people who participated in an online discussion, and that's it. But my proposal was circulated first at Carnegie Mellon, then via e-mail infected mit, Stanford and other universities.
In the 1980s, Fallman participated in creating the computer language Common LISP, not based on numbers, and symbols
Shortly before the military decided to expand the ARPANET and referred it to the National science Foundation. The civil network became available to other universities. New members we sent welcome letters: "Welcome to the Internet!", some of these letters contained emoticons.
People began to invent their own variations of emoticons to the point that there were smiles depicting Abraham Lincoln, Santa Claus and the Pope. And even a smiley face, depicting all these eaten with Python!
The streets were tanks the answer we got :-)
Smiles began to conquer the world: United Kingdom, Europe, Japan... Russia joined much later. In 1991, when there was a coup attempt, we've sent your Russian friends, "Oh my God, are you okay in there?". And in response came the emoticons. That was awesome! I thought: "Wow, how far they got!". They penetrated into the culture of a country with which we have almost no contact at that time.
Before public speeches, I said that not a penny is earned with a smiley. Once one guy came out and gave me five cents as a thank you for the invention.
In all cultures the smiley means the same thing. It is universal. Wherever you were, if you smile, your mouth is so stretched. There is no such that you are happy, and you have a sad smile. I like the original smiley: he's just about the smile. This smile is not white and not black man, not Chinese, not men and not women.
However, in different countries, the smiley has evolved in different ways: the Japanese have invented Emoji. Personally I don't like: to draw a stupid little picture of the special creativity is not necessary.
I do not recall that I deliberately sent at least one Emoji in your life. Except as illustration: look at these fools! Maybe it's age. Mostly the teenagers are following the language of Emoji, I personally text smileys like more. Maybe because I invented them.
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The first Emoji was created in 1998 or 1999 Shigetaka Kurita, an employee of Japanese operator NTT DoCoMo
The type of emoticon, used in Russia, with many closing brackets :))) reminds me of the man with many chins.
In his daily electronic correspondence, I use the original smiley, as well as one that would like to invent, but not invented: winking with a semicolon ;-). And a flashy smile that reflects my mood when sending some e-mails. Like: "God, that our government did this week :-O".
I remember that he used a smiley yesterday [14 Sep], [the knowledge exchange] Quora, which often answer the questions.
I had no idea that smiley would become so popular. I don't even have kept a copy of my original message: I had to delve into archival tapes [in the 1980s computer files recorded on magnetic tape] to find the discussion about the falling Elevator. It was a big expedition!
I'm already resigned to the fact that when I die, my obituary will begin with the words: "Scott Fahlman who invented the first smiley."
My friend Mike Jones of Microsoft has funded and spearheaded this project in 2001, it was attended by a dozen people. Had to find a device to read these tapes. And the computer and software to showcase their content.
We found the original message in 2002, after several months of searching. People still argue whether it was the first smile. I would argue that it was a precedent or one of the first examples of the use of the smiley in the ARPANET, in fact, on the Internet.
In my opinion, the first "smiley" in English was the exclamation point. This sign conveys the emotions of surprise, excitement or emphasis on the statement. It can be not expressed in the text, but you see the exclamation point and understand intonation. So it is the best candidate for the first "smiley".
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Magnetic tape was the primary medium of electronic information in the early 1980s
Before public speeches, I said that not a penny is earned with a smiley. Once one guy came out and gave me five cents as a thank you for the invention. Now I say that has not earned a million dollars for his invention!
If the smiley was patented and its use would have to pay money, no one would use it. Or people would have just ignored this demand and continued to use the smiley. So it remains my little gift to the world, absolutely free.
I'm already resigned to the fact that when I die, my obituary will begin with the words: "Scott Fahlman who invented the first smiley." At first I was worried that I was known more as the Creator of the smiley, rather than as a researcher of artificial intelligence. But then I decided that it's even fun to be a little famous in some way, even if this is not the case, to whom I've devoted my life to.
We imagine that as soon as artificial intelligence becomes "human" in their abilities, it will have to manifest human emotions. In my opinion, there's no reason, unless we put emotions in artificial intelligence.
"The streets were tanks the answer we got :-)" - interview with the inventor of the smiley
The people who work with user interfaces, I understand that but the computer is not capable of emotions, it would be nice to teach him to recognize emotions. So based on the facial expressions of the user, they understood they were upset or if he's having a good time. And then under certain circumstances, the computer could start to use emoticons. But not because he "guessed" such emotions, but because he was programmed that way.