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DateDate: 31-08-2018, 06:04

The Israeli futurist and author of "Sapiens: A Brief History of Humanity" believes that the liberal political system is not ready for the technological challenges of the 21st century.
Liberalism is based on the free will of every person. But artificial intelligence and gene editing will end with free will. People's feelings and thoughts can be effectively programmed.
The concept of liberalism played a decisive role in shaping the modern world order, but it is not worth taking it with us to the future, says historian and futurist Yuval Harari. In an interview with the Irish Times, he explained the imperfections of this political ideology.
Liberalism affirms the dominant role of the feelings of the individual, and also puts free will at the heart of the matter. However, supporters of this trend do not understand that in the future, technologies will be able to penetrate into the sphere of personal and emotional and have a direct impact on it.
"AI and bioengineering will allow" hacking "a person, controlling his desires and reprogramming his feelings," the historian notes.
Harari admits that the technologies of "hacking" will be owned by corporations and governments. And if they want to manipulate people, it will be much easier to influence those who consider themselves invulnerable.
"Liberalism is not ready for [new technological challenges]. And in order to survive and prosper in the 21st century, we should go beyond it, "the author of Sapiens concludes.
At the same time, the historian admits that so far he does not have to criticize more than defend the liberal ideology, which "is attacked by nationalists and religious fanatics." Harari explains their motives with nostalgia - the desire to return to the roots and the past in the face of uncertain future.
Supporters of radical nationalist and religious ideas are confident that they are dealing with absolute and eternal truths that will not be affected by the technological and economic revolutions of the 21st century. At the same time, the majority does not understand what challenges it is necessary to deal with, and the fear of uncertainty makes it necessary to seek stability in obsolete "fantasies".
"Nostalgic fantasies about the national idea and religion will not solve the problems of the 21st century," warns Harari. He refers to the main tests for humanity climate change, unemployment due to automation and the enormous potential of genetic engineering.
"You will not find answers to these questions in the Bible, because people who wrote the Bible knew little about global warming, and even less about genetics and computers."
Futurologist stands for cooperation between countries for solving world-level problems, including those caused by new technologies. Disunited actions will only increase uncertainty. If the EU prohibits robot killers and genetic editing of embryos, and the US and China, on the contrary, remove any restrictions, then cooperation will not be built. Moreover, the European Union will have to break its own bans in order not to lag behind other regions of the world.
In these conditions, the manifestation of nationalism and isolationism does not make sense. Brackit, according to Harari, is just a waste of time. "Every minute that Britain and the EU spend on Brakesit is a minus one minute that would go to preventing climate change and regulating AI."