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DateDate: 21-05-2019, 06:46
Traditional cement production accounts for about 8% of global carbon emissions. Since it is still impossible to do without cement, a team of geologists from the Martin Luther University decided to create an ecological alternative to it from industrial waste. This writes the Eurek Alert.
The main raw material for cement is limestone, which is heated in large kilns. At the same time, about one ton of carbon dioxide is emitted from each ton of limestone. Scientists propose to replace this material with waste from the production of kaolin and aluminum.
"This is industrial waste, which can still be used very efficiently, just for the production of alternative forms of cement," says geologist Herbert Pelmann. The study showed that "green" cement will have all the useful properties of the usual, but it will not emit greenhouse gases.

DateDate: 20-05-2019, 06:40

Researchers at the University of Cambridge have developed a new type of so-called electronic currency, the use of which will allow people to conduct financial transactions at any time, from any location and without any other restrictions. But the most important advantage of this electronic money is that the system ensuring their work is ultra-safe, it will be able to withstand and successfully resist the cyber attacks that will be carried out in the future with the help of full-fledged quantum computers, reports DailyTech. The basic principles of the organization of new electronic money, which are called “S-money”, guarantee a completely secure procedure for authentication and identification, the absence of any loss of information, a faster exchange of information than any of the existing financial communication systems. And all this is achieved by combining the power of quantum theory and the theory of relativity. Due to this, the new system will make it possible to carry out financial operations almost in real time not only from anywhere in the solar system, but also from our galaxy, although trading at the galactic level is still only science fiction. Scientists from Cambridge plan to conduct a practical test of the theoretical model developed by them a bit later this year. And, of course, this check will be conducted at the highest level available today - at the level of the entire planet. S-money technologies require very fast calculations in large quantities; nevertheless, all this is already quite realizable at the current level of information technology development. The electronic money S-money is based on virtual tokens, which are generated by the financial network, like the generation of traditional blockchain-based cryptocurrencies. At the same time, some rules for generating tokens ensure that these tokens appear in the right place and at the right time, which allows you to conduct financial transactions almost instantly without the need for lengthy verification and confirmation procedures. At the same time, some of the used laws of quantum mechanics completely eliminate the risk of double selling or using the same token. Note that this implementation of electronic money is not the first attempt to use the technology of "quantum money". Modern technologies already allow operations with quantum money, but their full use as an e-currency is not yet possible. After all, this requires a minimum of the ability to store the state of quantum particles for an infinitely long time, which is still either unattainable or will be incredibly expensive in some cases.

DateDate: 19-05-2019, 12:44

The company LG Electronics announced the development of processor AI Chip with artificial intelligence (AI), which will be used in consumer electronics.
The chip contains the LG Neural Engine, a proprietary neural engine. It is argued that it simulates the work of the human brain, ensuring the effective implementation of deep learning algorithms.
The AI Chip processor uses AI visualization tools to recognize and distinguish objects, people, spatial characteristics, etc.
At the same time, intelligent audio analysis tools allow you to recognize voices, as well as take into account noise parameters.
Finally, AI-tools are provided for determining physical and chemical changes in the surrounding space.
The processor AI Chip, as noted by LG, is able to work effectively even without an Internet connection. In other words, artificial intelligence functions are available locally.

DateDate: 18-05-2019, 05:58

Modern smartphones, laptops and other mobile devices often have a good performance margin, but usually after a year of active use, the batteries noticeably lose in capacity. Professor Atsuo Yamada from the University of Tokyo has taken up the challenge. He and his team found a way to not only extend battery life, but also make them self-healing.
The most popular type of battery today is lithium-ion, and sodium can replace it. For both types, charging cycles reduce capacity over time. The fact is that inside the battery there are metal layers. During charging and discharging, they decompose and cracks form in them, which reduces the ability to save energy. These defects are due to the fact that the material is held by van der Waals force, which is not able to withstand the load on the material during charging and battery operation.
Japanese engineers have found a way to eliminate the deformation of the metal layers inside the batteries. They clearly demonstrated that when used in the production of oxygen oxide batteries with a redox layer (Na2RuO3), degradation practically does not occur. During charging and discharging, not only is the degradation of the battery reduced, but also the properties of self-healing appear. This is because the new material is held by a force known as Coulomb attraction.
“This means that batteries can have a much longer service life. Increasing the energy density of batteries is of paramount importance for the implementation of electrification of transport, said Professor Atsuo Yamada.

DateDate: 17-05-2019, 05:54

Understanding and translation of lively speech is much more complicated than just processing written text. Initially, the speech must be interpreted by the machine and deciphered in the text, which will then be translated into the desired language. The company is currently working to accelerate and accelerate this process.
Google decided not to stand still and did not develop a more natural method of converting oral speech, called Translatotron. This method, unlike the old one, does not require intermediate speech processing.
In fact, Google has already made this feature available for your application a live speech right while talking online. As I said, these functions typically use a cascade data processing method to perform their functionality. Interpretation of speech that can occur during conversion, and may even ignore words that do not need to be translated. Translatotron can keep the original voice of the speaker in the language selected for translation, the dialogue dialogue is more natural.
In fact, this experiment is still under development. All these results are still excellent. This means that the translatotron can imitate the original voice, which sounds very timid, unnatural and slow. overcoming language barriers for many users. A source