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DateDate: 16-05-2019, 05:54

The scope of artificial intelligence is becoming wider every year. Neural networks are able not only to process photos, but also to paint pictures themselves, or even turn videos into computer game levels. According to the data of the new research, until the appearance of a machine with “human” thinking, it was not very long. Scientists have discovered a computer's ability not only to logical, but also to abstract operations - which he learned independently.
The difference between human and computer thinking lies not only in the speed of computation, but also in the ability to think abstractly. In order for a computer to be able to count something, it must first determine what it will count: for example, whole numbers or certain objects specified by the program. The latter task is complicated by the fact that many features of objects (shape, color, and size) may be similar in completely different objects. A man, looking at four cats, four apples and the number 4, intuitively knows that they all have a common feature - the abstract concept of "four". That was the difference between the biological and electronic brain - until recently.
The scientific journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Science Advance published the results of a study in which artificial intelligence independently developed abstract thinking. During the experiment, a neural network designed for the simple detection of visual objects, was able to spontaneously develop a “human” approach to the calculation of objects.
The researchers found that certain parts of the network suddenly “tuned in” to abstract numbers, showing signs of neuron interaction in the real brain. AI "understood" that the image of four apples looks like the image of four cats - because the number of objects in both cases coincided.
According to the developers, their plans did not include the training of artificial intelligence in this method of calculation, and now they will have to figure out how he developed an unusual ability in himself. In the future, the use of similar algorithms can significantly expand the scope of neural networks.

DateDate: 15-05-2019, 05:55

It is reported by Hightech +, reports Sotsportal.
- Single malt Ai Whiskey from the Swedish company Mackmyra debuts on the market this fall. The price of a unique bottle is not called yet. But the creators claim that this is the first such drink, the recipe of which was created not by experts, but by the neural network, the author noted.
The algorithm has reworked all the techniques available to Swedes, taking into account sales volumes and the availability of certain barrels in the warehouse, in which alcohol "matures".
As noted by Popular Mechanics, experts, people for each new recipe take months, if not years of work.
And the nuances of taste that are important for lovers of strong drink determine little things like varieties of grain or the age of barrels in which whiskey is kept.
The task of generating new recipes AI, working on the cloud platform Microsoft Azure, coped even too well: the model gave out 70 million recipes that can be implemented, having received a delicious flavored drink at the exit.
- Mackmyra claims that human intervention was required at this stage. Experts first chose the most incredible recipes, to which people would not have thought of, and then - the most promising option in terms of taste. After all, this part of the AI whiskey can only be estimated theoretically, - the author is sure.
Subtleties of the technology proposed by the algorithm, the Swedes do not describe. But a lot of attention is paid to the description of taste: single-malt AI Whiskey - bright golden-yellow color, with herbal notes of anise, ginger and white pepper, citrus, spicy and dry aftertaste.
Mackmyra and Microsoft claim that their collaboration is the first time that AI creates a recipe for a complex consumer product. However, as Popular Mechanics reminds, previously at least three companies - including the market leader Carlsberg - experimented with creating AI beer recipes.

DateDate: 14-05-2019, 05:56

The device received a body with variable geometry and four screws.
Engineers from Ben-Gurion University created a robot that is also a wheel device and a quadcopter. The housing with variable geometry and four screws allows it to take off in order to overcome high obstacles, writes “High-tech”.
The device consists of several parts. In the center are the battery and the board for management. The two side built-in electric motors that drive the wheels and screws. The robot is able to change the angles between the side parts, which allows it to switch between wheels and screws, depending on the type of task.
Technical details are not disclosed yet. It is known that the drone can carry loads weighing up to 400 grams. He can change the types of movement almost instantly.

DateDate: 13-05-2019, 05:57

On Friday, a group of British scientists from the University of Cambridge published an article in Science Advances magazine about the development of promising technology for the production of relatively inexpensive screens of almost unlimited size. Do not be confused by the mention of a Friday and British scientists who have scolded the mouthwash. Everything is honest and serious. The study is based on the study and use of the long-known plasmon quasiparticles within the framework of the physical phenomena of plasmonics. In short, plasmons represent a cloud of electrons on the surface of a material. They possess certain collective properties and, depending on a number of factors, can emit light in the visible range with a given wavelength (color).
Scientists from Cambridge have developed a technology for mass production of plasmon-based screens. The smallest particles of gold were covered with conductive plastic polyaniline and evenly sprayed on the plastic surface with a mirror coating previously applied on it. Each granule of gold on the surface is the basis for a miniature pixel, the dimensions of which are a million times smaller than that of the screens of modern smartphones. The technology is very simple for mass production, as the developers insist. Such screens with billions of pixels per meter can be released with continuous tape at high speed. We are talking about the production of flexible displays literally the size of the wall of a multistory building.
Light falling on such a screen falls into a trap between plastic-coated gold nanoparticles. Conductive plastic coating under the influence of the control voltage in a given way changes the chemical properties and causes a change in the wavelength of the reflected light in a wide spectrum (the wavelength can be reduced to 100 nm or less). The pixel begins to glow in a given color and, importantly, such a bistable state that it does not require power to hold the selected color.
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Prospects for such screens are huge - from information to camouflage. The highest resolution will allow to hide the fighter even in open areas, and the use of the architecture will open the way to new and unusual solutions. Displays for electronics will also receive an impetus to development. They will be well read in bright sunlight and will cease to be the most active battery charge eaters. But before that there is still a long way to go, improving and developing technology. In particular, the team of scientists began to work on expanding the color range of displays based on the technology presented. Read more about the development in the article in Science Advances. To read it (in English) registration is not required.

DateDate: 12-05-2019, 07:48
Japan began testing its Alfa-X bullet train for the Shinkansen lines, which can reach speeds of up to 400 km / h.
This is reported by the American broadcaster CNN.
The first tests of the composition of 10 cars began on Friday, May 10th. The tests will be carried out twice a week, after midnight, between the cities of Sendai and Aomori.
It is expected that the train will be commissioned by 2030 - then it will travel at a speed of up to 360 km / h, which will make it the fastest passenger express in the world.